protecting the essence of life on earth from abuse & exploitation . . .

Africa
Argentina
Asia
Australia
Bangladesh
Belgium
Bolivia
Bosnia
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Canada
China
Colombia
Czechoslovakia
East Timor
Ecuador
El Salvador
England
France
Ghana
Greece
Hawai`i
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Israel
Italy
Japan
Kosovo
Kuwait
Lebanon
Luxembourg
Mexico
Mozambique
Namibia
Netherlands
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Palestine
Peru
Philippines
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Scotland
Singapore
South Africa
Spain
Sweden
Tanzania
Turkey
United States
Yugoslavia
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Africa

Nestle controls water in Africa
Johannesburg - Nestle SA has bought the Valvita and Schoonspruit mineral water brands, with a combined local market share of about 30%, from the beginning of next month pending competition board approval.
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Argentina

The Social Protest for Water in Tucuman, Argentina
In 1998 in Tucuman, Argentina's smallest province, a very peculiar thing happened: The Compagnie Generales des Eaux, French operator of the water and sewer services (called Aguas del Aconquija in the province), announced that they would begin a national and international campaign to withdraw from Tucuman. What could have happened to cause a strong European business that had won the privatization bid for the province's water and sewer services concession in 1993, to want to withdraw five years later? What was the luck of this company in a country such as Argentina that had adopted a neoliberal model and where privatization of state services represented excellent business deals for French, Spanish, Italian and other capital?
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Asia

Water Wars
If you're a company that sells bottled water, Asia is slobberingly attractive. It has millions of people who distrust tap water, whose living standards are rising and whose current levels of consumption of the clear packaged stuff leave plenty of room for growth. Think China, Indonesia, India, Thailand--and that's for starters.
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Australia

The Big Pong Down Under
Fifteen months after Adelaide signed a contract turning over its waterworks to a private consortium controlled by Thames Water and Vivendi, the city was engulfed in a powerful sewage smell, which became known as “the big pong.’’
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Bangladesh

Bangladeshis Sipping Arsenic as Plan for Safe Water Stalls
The arsenic, a slow, sadistic killer, has just about finished its work on Fazila Khatun. She teeters now. The fatigue is constant. Pain pulses through her limbs. Warts and sores cover the palms of her hands and the soles of her feet, telltale of the long years of creeping poison.
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Belguim

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against Belgium for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Bolivia

Three Hundred Citizen Groups Call on Secret World Bank Trade Court to Open Up Bechtel Case Against Bolivia: Case called a "Preview of the Free Trade of the Americas"
More than three hundred citizens groups from 41 countries presented a petition today to a World Bank-affiliated court, demanding that it allow public participation in a controversial case in which Bechtel Corporation is suing Bolivia for $25 million.
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Bosnia

1992 The Serbian siege of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, includes a cutoff of all electrical power and the water feeding the city from the surrounding mountains. The lack of power cuts the two main pumping stations inside the city despite pledges from Serbian nationalist leaders to United Nations officials that they would not use their control of Sarajevo's utilities as a weapon. Bosnian Serbs take control of water valves regulating flow from wells that provide more than 80 percent of water to Sarajevo; reduced water flow to city is used to ‘smoke out’ Bosnians.
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Botswana

1999-2000 Sedudu/Kasikili Island, in the Zambezi/Chobe River. Dispute over border and access to water. Presented to the International Court of Justice
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Brazil

Escute ao vivo o programa 'Face the Facts' sobre a ação destrutiva da Nestlé em São Lourenço.!!!
Nesta nova série 1/6 , John Waite investiga a batalha global contra as empresas que exploram as preciosas fontes de águas. Waite viaja ao Brasil para conferir o impacto da destruição nas fontes de uma bonita cidade depois que a Nestlé decidiu produzir água engarrafada no local.!

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Burkina Faso

Organisacion pour Renforcer les Capacites Development (ORCADE)
ORCADE has been working with trade unions in the water company and other citizen’s organizations to monitor the water privatization process. A recent World Bank structural adjustment loan, approved by the Burkina Faso parliament in July 2001, contained conditions related to the privatization of 13 state-owned companies, including the Ouagadougou water company. Trade unions in the water company and the other 12 state-owned companies slated for privatization, recognizing that downsizing would be the next step, went on a 72 hour warning strike in the summer of 2001. Currently there is very little public information about the proposed water privatization process. ORCADE is advocating for greater government transparency regarding the privatization process and will work closely with the trade unions to develop alternative water management proposals.
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Canada

The coming water wars
Canada will come under increasing pressure to sell water to the U.S., with potentially serious environmental consequences, said McGill experts at a recent Macdonald Campus conference titled "Water: Gift, Commodity or International Weapon."
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Central Asia

Water Issues Erupt at Central Asia Forum
Experts warn that Central Asia is heading toward a crisis as water mismanagement has already severely reduced the size of the Aral Sea, straddling Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, leaving a 154,450-square-mile toxic wasteland that threatens three million local residents.

Columbia

A Tale of Two Cities
Coastal Cartagena was the first of about 50 cities and towns to privatize its water in Colombia. The capital Bogotá bucked the privatization trend, refused World Bank money and transformed its public utility into the most successful in Colombia.
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Czechoslovakia

1992 Hungary abrogates a 1977 treaty with Czechoslovakia concerning construction of the Gabcikovo/Nagymaros project based on environmental concerns. Slovakia continues construction unilaterally, completes the dam, and diverts the Danube into a canal inside the Slovakian republic. Massive public protest and movement of military to the border ensue; issue taken to the International Court of Justice.
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East Timor

1999 Militia opposing East Timor independence kill pro-independence supporters and throw bodies in water well.
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Ecuador

Instituto de Ecologia y Desarrollo de las Comunidades Andinas (The Ecology and Development Institute of Andean Communities IEDECA).
IEDECA works with indigenous communities and small farmers to develop sustainable livelihoods and environmentally sound productive relationships with the natural environment -- water, soil and forests. IEDECA has been concerned about World Bank and Inter-American Development Bank irrigation projects that promote increased cost recovery and privatization. IEDECA has developed alternative proposals for a National Fund for Small Farmer Irrigation and Soil Recuperation. Recently, the World Bank s private sector investment guarantee agency, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), backed its first ever water privatization project in Guayaquil, Ecuador by providing a $18 million guarantee to the Bechtel subsidiary, International Water Services. IEDECA and other citizen s organizations will be monitoring the impact of the privatization on workers, public health, and access to safe, affordable water.
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El Salvador

Communique of the Diocese of Santiago de Maria Regarding the Construction of a Hydroelectric Dam in the Torola River
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England

Coming Soon to Your Water Supply: England's Worst Polluter
A multinational energy conglomerate that prefers paying fines to obeying environmental laws is snatching up public water utilities around the country, and public officials are only too happy to oblige.
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EUROPE

European Water Strategy Meeting Strengthens International Efforts
The Water for All campaign joined a number of organizations from Europe in the Netherlands in October to strengthen regional campaigns for clean and affordable water. Participants discussed joint approaches to World Bank policies, EU approach and corporate control over water resources. Several development organizations in Europe have recently decided to increase their focus on commercialization of water delivery and the increased cost, in particular for the poor.

France

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against France for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Ghana

Report from "Defend the Global Commons"
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Greece

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against Greece for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Hawai`i

Privatization: A Fight Back Handbook
It may be possible to stop privatization through litigation. States such as Hawaii have used pre-existing laws to mount successful legal challenges to contracting out public services.

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Hungary

1992 Hungary abrogates a 1977 treaty with Czechoslovakia concerning construction of the Gabcikovo/Nagymaros project based on environmental concerns. Slovakia continues construction unilaterally, completes the dam, and diverts the Danube into a canal inside the Slovakian republic. Massive public protest and movement of military to the border ensue; issue taken to the International Court of Justice.
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India

India finds pesticides in colas
Indian MPs have upheld the findings of an environment group which reported that Coca-Cola and Pepsi drinks contained pesticide residues.

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Indonesia

Water and Politics in the Fall of Suharto
The privatization of Jakarta’s water is the story of powerful multinationals that deftly used the World Bank and a compliant dictatorship to grab control of a major city’s waterworks. In alliance with the Suharto family and Suharto cronies, Thames and Suez won favorable concessions without public consultation or bidding. When the riots spread, the companies’ executives fled, according to Indonesian waterworks officials, exposing millions of Jakarta residents to a potential catastrophe. Eventually they returned and renegotiated their contracts under somewhat less generous terms. As for the ostensible reason for privatization — bringing water to the poor and improving the finances of the waterworks.
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Iraq

Grim situation in Basra
Diseases like dysentery are spreading in Basra as a result of a lack of clean drinking water, doctors in Iraq's second city warned.
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Israel

River Runs Through Mideast Dispute
A 22-inch pipe plunges into a spring along the Wazzani River in southern Lebanon, meant soon to siphon water for delivery to nearby hamlets and help make the parched landscape bloom. But the Wazzani River flows from Lebanon south into Israel, and the pipe's recent appearance, along with unrelated earthworks, has prompted a round of regional tension.
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Italy

11,000 Palestinians between Israel's apartheid wall and Green Line
The valuable Western Aquifer System, lying in the West Bank and Israel, will also be entirely under Israeli control, as lands in Qalqiyla will be seized. Thousands of dunums of prime agricultural land, some of the most fertile in the West Bank, will be seized, in a society with a traditional economy based on agriculture. The agricultural economy has become increasingly important during this Intifada, as belligerent re-occupation, curfews, checkpoints and other forms of collective punishment and closure have isolated West Bank towns from each other, leading to a growing reliance on local and home produce for both immediate sustenance and employment.
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Japan

Forum tackles world water crisis
One in six people has no access to safe water. The third World Water Forum has brought together about 10,000 delegates from 150 countries to debate solutions to the crisis facing more than one billion people without access to clean water.
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Kosovo

1999 Contamination of water supplies/wells by Serbs disposing of bodies of Kosovar Albanians in local wells.
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Kuwait

1991 During the Gulf War, Iraq destroys much of Kuwait’s desalination capacity during retreat.
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Lebanon

River Runs Through Mideast Dispute
A 22-inch pipe plunges into a spring along the Wazzani River in southern Lebanon, meant soon to siphon water for delivery to nearby hamlets and help make the parched landscape bloom. But the Wazzani River flows from Lebanon south into Israel, and the pipe's recent appearance, along with unrelated earthworks, has prompted a round of regional tension. Water is one of the most sensitive issues in the Middle East. All of the Holy Land is short of water, and the region has suffered droughts in several recent years.
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Luxembourg

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against Luxembourg for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Mexico

Water Privatization and the Local Poor
"We used to be happy here,” he says. “Here by the shore on the water, there used to be thousands of lobsters, thousands of shrimp, thousands of clams and things, and we used to be able to fish and live off of that.” But now things are different. As the World Trade Organization creates policies to increase foreign investment in Mexico, Cancún’s Hotel Zone drains resources from neighboring communities. Waste from the resorts is dumped in Puerto Juarez, polluting the waters that locals depend on for fish. The privatization of water has been particularly devastating for the people of Puerto Juarez. Suez, a transnational water company based in France, now controls 50% of the municipal water supply. While vacationers in Cancún’s resorts enjoy fresh water from the tap, residents of Puerto Juarez pay alarming rates for water that is unreliable and unclean.
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Mozambique

Municipal Services Project, and Alternative Information and Development Centre
The Municipal Services Project and the Alternative Information and Development Centre have been working with groups in Mozambique to address concerns about the recent water privatization.
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Namibia

1999-2000 Sedudu/Kasikili Island, in the Zambezi/Chobe River. Dispute over border and access to water. Presented to the International Court of Justice
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Netherlands

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against the Netherlands for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Nicaragua

Privatization: Making Matters Worse
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Palestine

Palestinian farmers and international supporters hold prayer service and march protesting confiscation of farmland and water sources by the Israeli military.
Palestinian farmers from villages in the Tulkarem and Qalqilya regions of the Israeli occupied West Bank will gather Friday between Beit Amin and Izbet Salman to pray on their land. The Israeli Military plans to seize over 80,000 dunams of fertile farmland (one dunam is approximately a quarter acre) and nearly all of the region's 37 water wells.
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Peru

1995 Armed skirmishes arise in part because of disagreement over the control of the headwaters of Cenepa River. Wolf argues that this is primarily a border dispute simply coinciding with location of a water resource.
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Philippines

Higher Rates, Blackmailing Business as Usual
Trade unions and non-governmental organizations belonging to the Asian Labor Network on International Financial Institutions (ALNI-Philippines) strongly condemn the increase in water rates granted by the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System
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Portugal

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against Portugal for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Puerto Rico

US Abuses River
1999 Protesters blocked water intake to Roosevelt Roads Navy Base in opposition to U.S. military presence and Navy’s use of the Blanco River, following chronic water shortages in neighboring towns.
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Scotland

Revealed: the cancer chemicals in our water
An investigation by the Sunday Herald into last week's outbreak of cryptosporidium has established: That 34% of all water works across Scotland, a total of 193, are also polluted with cancer-causing chemicals, trihalomethanes (THMs). The incidence of THMs in the water is arguably far more serious than last week's outbreak of cryptosporidium since it can cause cancer, reproductive problems, damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver and central nervous system and can harm pregnant women and cause miscarriages.
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Singapore

1997 Malaysia supplies about half of Singapore’s water and in 1997 threatened to cut off that supply in retribution for criticisms by Singapore of policy in Malaysia.
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South Africa

Battle Against 'Prepaid' Water Erupts
In the last week, that struggle has heated up, as activists from the Soweto Electricity Crisis Committee (SECC) and Gauteng Anti-Privatisation Forum (APF) mobilised the Phiri committee to resist 'prepaid' water.
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Spain

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against Spain for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Sweden

Commission takes action against nine countries for breaking water laws
The European Commission has announced that it is taking legal action against Sweden for failing to comply with a variety of water-related directives.
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Tanzania

Grave Situation Getting Worse
Tanzania has been subjected to extensive privatization conditions in IMF and World Bank structural adjustment lending, including water privatization for the capital city of Dar es Salaam. TANGO and the Tanzania Gender Networking Programme are concerned that multinational water privatization could worsen what is already a grave situation.
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Turkey

1991 Discussions are held at the United Nations about using the Ataturk Dam in Turkey to cut off flows of the Euphrates to Iraq.
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UNITED NATIONS REPORT

Water Scarcity Could Affect Billions: Is This the Biggest Crisis of All?
Glug-glug: Not normally a sound of foreboding. But mankind's most serious challenge in the 21st century might not be war or hunger or disease or even the collapse of civic order, a UN report says; it may be the lack of fresh water.

UN warns of future water crisis
A world short of water cannot grow enough food for all It believes the goal of halving the proportion of hungry people by 2015 may be unattainable. By 2020, the average water supply per person worldwide is expected be a third smaller than now. The UN says political inaction and a lack of awareness are worsening the crisis.

Water and Politics in the Fall of Suharto
The privatization of Jakarta’s water is the story of powerful multinationals that deftly used the World Bank and a compliant dictatorship to grab control of a major city’s waterworks.

The Water Barons: A Handful of Corporations Seek to Privatize the World's Water
The explosive growth of three private water utility companies in the last 10 years raises fears that mankind may be losing control of its most vital resource to a handful of monopolistic corporations. In Europe and North America, analysts predict that within the next 15 years these companies will control 65 percent to 75 percent of what are now public waterworks. The companies have worked closely with the World Bank and other international financial institutions to gain a foothold on every continent. They aggressively lobby for legislation and trade laws to force cities to privatize their water and set the agenda for debate on solutions to the world’s increasing water scarcity. The companies argue they are more efficient and cheaper than public utilities. Critics say they are predatory capitalists that ultimately plan to control the world’s water resources and drive up prices even as the gap between rich and poor widens. The fear is that accountability will vanish, and the world will lose control of its source of life.

Promoting (Requiring) Privatization
An analysis of World Bank lending policies shows that the bank has increasingly linked aid to privatization.

Cholera and the Age of the Water Barons
The explosive growth of three private water utility companies in the last 10 years has raised fears that mankind may be losing control of its most vital resource to a handful of monopolistic corporations. Analysts predict that within the next 15 years in Europe and North America, these companies will control of 65 percent to 75 percent of what are now public waterworks.

International Water Working Group
Around the world, citizen's groups are working to protect water as a common resource and to ensure clean and affordable water for all as a human right. The IWWG opposes the privatization and commodification of water and supports the rights of citizens to actively participate in the water management decisions of governments, the IMF, the World Bank and others.

Worldwater
The World's Water, a global clearinghouse for information on freshwater problems and solutions. Provides up-to-date water information, data, and Web connections for those interested in worldwide water issues.

WORLD

Water for All
Access to clean and affordable water is essential for life, yet the world’s largest corporations are seeking to increase their profits by commodifying and privatizing this precious resource. Public Citizen is campaigning to protect universal access to clean and affordable drinking water by keeping it in public hands.

Yugoslavia

1999 NATO targets utilities and shuts down water supplies in Belgrade. NATO bombs bridges on Danube, disrupting navigation.
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Zambia

Dispute over border and access to water. Presented to the International Court of Justice
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